Cobalt as Mineral – Rich Food Sources, Functions, Deficiency & Daily Requirements for Children, Men & Women

Presentation Notes on Cobalt (Co) Vegetarian & Non Vegetarian Food Sources, Recommended Dietary Allowance, Cobalt deficiency disorders, Role in Human Body with Treatment & Toxicity in word / .doc / .ppt format

Cobalt:-

Cobalt is a constituent of vitamin B12. The total body content of cobalt is 1.1 mg. It is readily absorbed from the small intestine.

Daily requirement:

  • Though the average intake of cobalt is 0.3 mg per day, the daily requirement has not yet been established.

Sources:

  • Figs
  • cabbage
  • lettuce
  • spinach
  • animal products such as liver and kidneys.

Functions:

  • It is a component of vitamin B12 which contains 4% of the element. It is necessary for Hb formation. It plays an analogous role to copper in ferroxidase and iron in Hb.
  • Cobalt may substitute for manganese as an activator of enzymes. It is a specific activator of the enzyme, glycylglycine dipeptidase. It also activates enzymes such as phosphotransferases and lyases.
  • It causes an increase in the number of RBCs.
  • Cobalt induces polycythemia by increasing formation or inhibiting destruction of erythropoietin, the stimulating hormone secreted by kidney. This leads to the development of macrocytic anaemia.

Excretion:

  • 0.26 mg/day is excreted in urine.

Toxicity:

  • Cobalt it added during processing of beer as a foam stabilizer. Congestive heart failure from cardiomyopathy has been reported in individuals who have consumed large quantities of beer.

Download More Information on  Cobalt as Mineral

No comments:

Post a Comment