"Fatty! Fatty! Fatty!" mocked a group of boys referring to their classmate Divakar. Divakar was a 14 year old ordinary school boy weighing extraordinarily 95 kilograms. That made him the victim of this sort of mockery. It was a concerning issue. Not just the mockery he faced but also him being overweight. He was suffering from obesity. 

Many people do not consider this as a serious problem. Ironically, obesity is the leading cause of deaths worldwide. One out of every three person suffers from obesity.
So what actually is obesity? Is it a disease? Why do people pay no heed to its occurrence? The answer to the above questions maybe simple but merely knowing the answer will not help us a great deal.

Let us first start by defining obesity and only then can move towards its consequences. Therefore, obesity can be defined as the medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and or increased health problems. In medical terms, obesity means a person exceeding his body mass index (BMI), which is a measured obtained by dividing a person's weight by the square of the person's height. It mainly results from excessive food energy intake, lack of physical activities and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused mainly by genes, endocrine disorders, medications, or psychiatric illness. It cannot exactly be termed as a disease but it is certainly the cause of many further diseases. It is viewed as the most serious health problem of this century.Moreover, it is growing with an increasing rate in both children and adults.

Obesity increases the risk of various diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, and obstructive sleep apnea, certain type of cancer, asthma, high blood pressure, bone problems and osteoarthritis. As a result, obesity has been found to reduce the life expectancy rate worldwide. As stated earlier it a leading cause of death over the world, and has taken much more lives than the other health evils like smoking and cancer. This also means you are likely to suffer more for being fat than for being a smoker! It is strange yet true.

But the good news is that the problem of obesity is both curable as well as preventable. Obesity can be cured by avoiding food rich in fat, sugar and energy. Dieting and regular exercise can also help to a great extent for the treatment of obesity. Anti-obesity drugs may also help to reduce appetite or decrease fat absorption.
But as we know "Prevention is better than cure", so it is advisable to prevent obesity in the first place rather than curing it later after facing the consequence. Therefore it can be prevented by consuming dietary fiber and nutrient rich food. Even if one is accustomed to having food rich in fat, sugar, etc, he can perform physical activities to as to protect himself from gaining unnecessary weight. 

Nowadays, obesity is very much prevalent among children. So parents should focus on changing their family's physical activities and eating habits because it's the parents who shape a child's healthy habit.

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